Types of Speculative Transactions in Stock Exchanges

Types of Speculative transactions in Stock Exchanges

7 types of Speculative transactions and how they are are carried on in stock exchanges are briefly explained below.

Types of Speculative transactions in Stock exchanges

Image: Types of Speculative transactions in Stock exchanges

1. Option dealings

Option refer to a right to buy or sell a security within a certain time at a certain price. Right to purchase securities is called call option and right to sell securities is put option. When the speculator expects the price to rise, he would buy a call option. He would be able to purchase the securities at a lower price and sell it at a higher price in the future. If the price does not rise, he may not exercise his option. Put option is bought by those who expect a fall in share price.

2. Margin Trading

In this case, shares are purchased with money borrowed from brokers. The client opens an account with the broker. He deposits cash or securities into this account and agrees to maintain the margin (balance with the broker) at a certain level. When the broker purchases securities, the account of the client is debited with the amount of such securities. The net debit balance is secured by the clients securities lying with the broker.

3. Arbitrage

Arbitrage refers to benefiting from the difference in price of a security prevailing in two exchanges. The arbitrageur would buy the security in the market at which it is cheaper and sell it in the market in which it is costlier. When the arbitrage is done between two markets within the same country, it is known as domestic arbitrage. If it is done between markets in different countries, it is known as foreign arbitrage.

4. Wash sales

Wash sales refers to a transaction in which a speculator sells a particular security from one broker and buys the same security at higher price through another broker. It is a fictitious transaction. Investors are misled and they think that the market is going up and start buying. The markets go up and the speculators and brokers then sell the shares at high profits.

5. Cornering

Cornering refers to the situation in which an individual or group acquire major portion of a company’s shares. It leads to rigging.

6. Rigging

Rigging refers to the practice of artificially hiking the prices of certain shares in a bull market.

7. Blank transfers

The transfer deed contains details of only the seller. The details of the buyer are not mentioned. Blank transfers are now banned as they encourage evasion of Income Tax and Stamp duty.

Leave a Reply

Recent Posts

Related pages

advantages of waterwaysadvantages of co operativeschit fund companies registration processqualities of enterpreneureconomic batch quantity formuladebenture vs bondsole trader advantages and disadvantagesdisadvantages of net present valuemerits and demerits of computerwhat is cluster sampling methodauthocratic leadershipdebtors turnover ratioaccounting rate of return definitionaccount payable turnover formuladefine re-engineeringoverhead variance analysislimitations of fditypes of underwritersdefinition of consumer behaviour by philip kotlerwhat is service blueprintingcharging depreciationadvantages and disadvantages of profit maximizationcapital budgeting advantages and disadvantagesadvantages of abc costingdefine itinerantswhat is departmentalizationtypes of wholesalers with examplesirr npvfeatures of informal organizationwhat does insurable interest meanedp auditingexceptions of privity of contractessentials of a valid leaseconstructing a questionnairefactors of pricing decisionhorizonal definitionstale cheque definitionrouting and scheduling in production planning and controlwhat does prospectus mean in financeterminal digit filing medical recordswhat is privity to contractquota sample exampledifference between financial accounting and managerial accountingdisadvantages of systematic random samplingprocedure of capital budgetingimportance of exim banksale of goods act definitionadvantages of scmdisadvantages of target costingpurpose of a cash budgetidentify the advantages and disadvantages of a command economysdr currency definitionmonopolistic competition advantages and disadvantagesprocedure for issue of bonus sharescommon size comparative statementssebi guidelinesprimary data collection methods advantages disadvantagesdisadvantages of npv and irrcollection period formulaformula for calculating inventory turnover ratiocalculate stock turnoverexample of vertical mergerdebt securitization processdistinguish between management accounting and cost accountingone stage cluster samplingvoluntary winding upoperating lease and finance lease differencerole of international monetary fund in international tradecentralized and decentralized decision making in organizationsautocratic meaningmeaning of decentralization in managementdefine vires