Top 10 Factors influencing design of plant layout

Top 10 Factors influencing design of plant layout

The following factors should be considered While designing the layout.

Factors influencing design of plant layout

Factors influencing design of plant layout

1. Nature of the product: The nature of the product to be manufactured has a significant influence on plant layout. Small and light products can be moved from one machine to another with minimum effort and time and therefore line layout would be more suitable. Stationary layout would be suitable for heavy and bulky products. In case of production of large variety of non-standardized products, process layout is ideal.

2. Production volume: Line layout should be preferred if standardized commodities are manufactured on a large scale. Functional layout is suitable if production is based on customers orders. It is better suited for low volume job production.

3. location of the site: The topology and size of the site influences the choice of a particular layout. The idea is to maximize the utilization of space. Layout should also suit the factory building. The positioning of elevators, stairways, parking lots and storage points also influence the layout.

4. Type of machines: Stationary layout is preferable if machines are heavy and emit more noise. Such heavy machinery can be fitted on the floor. Adequate space should be provided for the location of machines and also there should be sufficient space between them to avoid accidents.

5. Climate: Temperature, illumination, ventilation should be considered while deciding on the type of layout. The above factors should be considered in order to improve the health and welfare of employees.

6. Service facilities: The layout should provide for the comforts and welfare of the employees. It should have adequate provision for rest rooms, drinking water, lavatory. There should be sufficient space for free movement of workers.

7. Safety of employees: While deciding on a particular type of layout, the safety of employees should be given importance. The layout should provide for obstruction free floors, non-slippery floors, protection against dangerous fumes, excess heat, strong odors Etc.

8. Type of production: Layout plans differ according to the type of production. In case of job orders, production of non-standardized products are undertaken, and therefore functional or process outlet is suitable. Line layout would be suitable when there is mass production of standardized goods.

9. Type of process: In the case of intermittent type of production (bi-cycle manufacturing, electronics), functional layout is suitable. For synthetic type of Production (cement and automobile industries), line layout is preferable.

10. Management policies: Policies of the management relating to type of product, quality, scale of production, level of plant integration, type of production, possibility of future expansion etc., influence the type of layout to be adopted.

Leave a Reply

Recent Posts

Related pages

absolute assignment in insurancewhat is a secured debenturechronological filingventure capitalists meaningfunctions of merchant bankscentralized and decentralized managementadvantages and disadvantages of opening a franchisemeaning of urbanisationwhat is the difference between managerial accounting and financial accountingfiling systems for office managementagreement not expressly declared voidservicescape examplesessentials of a valid contract pdfmaterial alteration in bankinginternal and external factors influencing pricing decisionscalculate employee turnover ratedrawbacks of scientific managementstatistical sampling theorydefinition of in arrearscapex plansdistinguish between cash discount and trade discountvoluntary chains definitiondoctrine of privitywhat does intra vires meanpetty cash definition in accountingmanagerial accounting calculatorcorporate umbrella branding examplefactoring vs forfaitingadvantages of joint family systemwhat are personal liabilitiesbounties meaningdeductive method examplesprivy of contractconcurrent audit techniquesabsorption accounting definitionactivity based costing implementationalphabetical filing systemsimilarities between shares and debenturesjob and process costingcharacterstics of managerial economicsshipping terms fob cifexample of conglomerate integrationadvantages of a mixed economic systemwhat is idle time in cost accountingventure capitalists indiasebi guidelines for issue of sharesinternationalization definitiondecentralized procurement definitioncalculating finished goods inventoryraw material inventory turnsinformal report definitionoutright purchase meaningdays sales in recievablescustomer sovereigntyhow to find the profitability indexadvantages and disadvantages of democratic leadership stylewhat is peril in insuranceexception meaning in urducluster sampling designmaterial price variance calculatorirr vs npvinventories turnover ratioadvantages of snowball samplingpluralism in indian societyadvantages and disadvantages of abcmanagement cadre meaningdifference between convenience and purposive samplingwhat is meant by cartelbonds vs debentureswhat is the function of sebimeaning of byproductworld bank organisational structureadvantages and disadvantages of organizational structuredictatorship disadvantagesbonds and debentures differencecentralized and decentralized decision makinglesser and lesseewhat are the four requirements of a valid contract