Social Audit | Special features | Benefits | General Approaches

Special Features of Social Audit

Any activity, which can create an impact on the society shall become subject to the social audit. Social audit is different from other audits and has certain distinct features.

They are:

1. Difficulty in Measuring the Results: Social results are difficult to audit because of the following reasons:

  1. They occur outside the organization.
  2. The firm cannot get precise data from outside sources.
  3. Even if any data is available, the enterprise cannot exactly decide the results caused by the actions of the firm.
  4. Again it cannot be proved even if the causes are ascertained at least in a general way.

2. Social Auditor: The internal auditor or the external auditor or any other outside agency can conduct the social audit. No professional standards and qualifications are prescribed for a social auditor.

3. Data Used in the Audit: Both the quantitative and qualitative data are used in the social audit. The qualitative data is often used to supplement the quantitative data.

Benefits of Social Audit

Social audit offers certain distinct benefits. The principal benefits derived from social audit are as follows:

1. It provides a recognized method for bringing the social point of view to the attention of management.

2. Person outside the company appraises the individual corporations. Hence, they can give an unbiased and disinterested view about the activities of the company employees.

3. The social audit report is made to the company and not to the public. Hence the social auditor can give a frank opinion about the social welfare schemes of the company.

Besides there are several other benefits which are worth mentioning.

1. It supplies data for comparison of policies and standards.

2. It encourages greater concern for social performance throughout the organization.

3. It provides data for comparing effectiveness of different types of social welfare programmes.

4. It helps the organization to build up the image and reputation of the organization in the minds of the public.

5. The shareholders shall realize the importance of socially beneficial schemes and extend their full cooperation to the company’s programmes of social welfare and development.

6. By carrying out the social obligations the company can achieve a higher degree of efficiency and unparalleled performance in industrial peace. It creates team spirit and develops discipline. All these factors shall finally result in higher productivity.

7. The whole community will cooperate with company. This will enable the company to maintain its profit volume unaltered. It can also pay a fair dividend to its shareholders in spite of the various constraints faced by the company.

Approaches to Social Audit

The four general approaches towards the social audit are as follows.

1. The Inventory Approach: Under this method, a complete stocktaking of all the social activities of the corporation is undertaken.

2. The Cost Outlay Approach: In this approach the amount spent on each activity is studied individually.

3. The Programme Management Approach: In this approach,. in addition to the above approaches, a statement is made as to whether or not the company met the objectives for each activity.

4. The Cost Benefit Approach: Under this approach the benefit of each and every expenditure i.e. the real worth is ascertained and indicated.

All the four approaches have their own merits and demerits. They all have their own distinct features. Most enterprises adopt the inventory approach though it is least informative than other approaches. Cost Benefit approach is considered as the most informative approach. But social benefits derived from a particular programme cannot be ascertained accurately. Hence this approach is not dependable. The other two approaches are also used in some companies.

Four step process for conducting effective social audit

Social audit has become the necessity of time though the results cannot be easily quantified as in the case of financial audit. Though some practical difficulties are there social audit can do many things which even financial audit or cost audit cannot do.

A well-known scholar suggested a four-step process for conducting social audit effectively and to achieve the desired results. The steps suggested are

1. The firm should first itemize all the activities that have a potential impact.

2. Secondly, the circumstances leading to these actions or activities must be explained.

3. Thirdly some evaluation of the programmes should be conducted.

4. Finally the company should examine the relationship between the goals of the firm and those of the society to see how the programmes relate to each other.

Leave a Reply

Recent Posts

Related pages

meaning of non probability samplingdifference between finance lease and contract hiredefinition of retailing in marketingcurrency swap transactionprocedure for issue of convertible debenturesmeaning of sales forecastingstratified sampling pros and conscompany debenture definitionadvertising agency organizationdebtors collection periodcash flow statement analysis and interpretationdurable consumer goodsecuritization in bankingpayback period computationexamples of special damagesabsorption costing methodwhat is consumerism definitionin privity of contractsales promotion disadvantagesunctad historywhat is salesmanship in marketingdefine departmentalizationparent brand definitionsalesperson performance evaluationstock turnover ratio formulaforfaiting companiescreditor turnoverdefine juristic personcosting meaning definitionadvantages of petty cashtype of nonprobability samplingformula of payback perioddifference between equity and debt marketconcentrated market segmentationlist of venture capitalist in indiaadvantages of statistical sampling in auditingdisadvantages of sole traderfixed installment methodessential of a valid contractdebentures meaning and typesdurable consumer goods definitionuses of elasticity of demand for managerial decision makingpurchasing a franchise advantages and disadvantagesfunctions of sbi bankthe main features of a capitalistic economic system areadvantages and disadvantages of autocratic managementdefinition overheadsveil corporationadvantages of living in a capitalist societydefinition of merchant bankingexplain the concept of the circular flowwhat are the advantages and disadvantages of e commercedecentralized decision making advantages and disadvantagesdisadvantages of venture capitaltruck wholesalerwhat is doctrine of privitydefinition of socialism governmentproduction cost centre definitionadvantages and disadvantages of performance appraisaltimekeeping in cost accountingwhat is nominal wageadvantages of penetration pricingwhat is teeming and ladingtypes of business menconsumer buyer behaviour definitionconsumable goods exampleswhat does malfeasance meancontract costing definitiondisadvantages mixed economydrawback defloan from cooperative banksmixed branding examplessecond tier security marketspeciality store definitiondebt securitizationrbi history and functionscosting tools and techniquesdisadvantages of e-commercemeaning sebiwhat is misfeasancewhat are the advantages and disadvantages of sole proprietorshipsimilarities between advertising and public relationsunethical working conditionsstages in the selling processwhat is amalgamation of companiescosting and pricing methods