Land Transport – Road & Rail | Advantages & Disadvantages

Basically, the modes of transport for delivery of goods have been classified into three categories, namely land transport, sea transport and air transport. We shall discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of Land transport which is further divided into road transport and rail transport.

Land Transport - Advantages & Disadvantages

Land Transport – Advantages & Disadvantages

Road Transport

Bullock-carts, lorries, trucks, buses, etc., are the means of road transport. The merits of road transport are given below:

Advantages of Road Transport

1. Road transports are economical.

2. It is safe. Damage to goods is generally much less in road transport because handling is minimum.

3. It is flexible. It can reach the actual place of loading and unloading.

4. It gives access even to the common man.

5. It is the only option, if goods are to be delivered within a particular locality, e.g., if door delivery is to be given by a dealer.

6. It offers wider coverage. Any domestic or national market can be reached by the mode of road transport.

7. Loading and unloading of goods can be done more quickly.

8. When compared to all other modes of transport, packing expenses are the lowest in the case of road transport.

9. The overhead expenses are also less in the case of road transport. Rail transport, for example, requires the construction of railway stations, erection of signals and so on.

10. Road transport is the only suitable mode of transport for marketing goods in rural places.

Disadvantages of Road transport

The demerits of road transport are given below:

1. The carrying capacity is less.

2. Its efficiency is very much determined by the conditions of roads. Bad roads may cause such problems as breakdown and result in delay in the consignment reaching the market place.

3. It is slow. The competitive nature of Indian markets makes it undependable.

4. The rates are not standardized.

5. It is not suitable for carrying goods to very long distances, i.e., for foreign destinations.

6. Goods sent by trucks get lesser protection against rain, storm and so on.

7. Accidents occur often in highways. This makes road transport highly unsafe.

8. This mode of transport is highly irregular. The truck operators, generally, do not adhere to time schedule. Breakdowns and accidents further add to the problem.

9. During rainy season, the roads become unsafe and unfit for transportation.

10. As the truck operators are all private parties, their activities go unchecked. They charge a higher tariff and, as mentioned earlier, are not time conscious either.

Rail Transport

Railways play a crucial role in the promotion of trade and industry in India. They carry consignments of different nature ranging from fruits and fish to coal and steel to different parts of the country.

Advantages of Rail Transport

The merits of rail transport are given below:

1. Rail transports are the most suitable for carrying goods to distant places.

2. It helps to transport bulky and heavy goods.

3. Rail transports are more dependable than road transport (bad road conditions make road transport undependable).

4. Bad weather does not affect rail transport as much as it affects road transport.

5. It is as economical as road transport and in some cases even more economical.

6. As Railways are being managed by the Government in India, the tariff charged for transporting goods is determined only by the Railway Ministry. The rates, therefore, are standardized.

7. Railway accidents are much less when compared to accidents in highways. This ensures safe transportation of goods to different destinations.

8. Railways will have to strictly adhere to the time schedule. This avoids delay.

Disadvantages of Rail Transport

The demerits of rail transport are:

1. Not all places are connected by trains.

2. Trains cannot carry goods to the doorstep. From the destination point, one has to arrange to collect and carry the goods to the intended place.

3. Rail transport is generally not suitable for short distances. It is preferred mostly when the consignment is to be taken to distant places.

4. Railways have fixed routes. This mode of transport, therefore, lacks flexibility.

5. Railways have monopoly in India. This gives the administration an upperhand in the matter of fixation of charges.

Leave a Reply




Recent Posts


Related pages


customer departmentalization definitioninventory turnover ratio explanationcheck demeritscash inflow meaningcrystallisation meaningqualitative measures of credit controlsebi guidelines for ipo pdfmeaning logisticdefine departmental accountingprofitability ratios formulasicra credit rating scaledefinition securitizationformulating derivative planscontribution pricing advantages and disadvantageslong term sources of finance advantages and disadvantagesjobbers odd lotdirect quote and indirect quote foreign exchangecalculating labour turnoverdebtor and creditor meaningtypes of debentures pdfmeaning consumerismexcess capacity under monopolistic competitioncalculate material price varianceformal and informal report writingwhat is the meaning of nseinductive and deductive economicscountermanding definitionwhat does aoa meanadvantages and disadvantages of probability and nonprobability samplingadvantages and disadvantages of command economylabour turnover equationcapital budgeting techniques advantages and disadvantagesmail order catalogue bad creditdelivery cif meanswhat does convenience sampling meanelasticities of demandexamples of sales promotionsfob prices meansadvertising agency organizational structuredepartmentation of plans meansdebtors turnover ratio definitiondishonored meaningaccounting overheadstrade debtorsmanagerial accounting functionsdefine underwritefactory indirect materialsadministrative management advantages and disadvantagesfeatures of absorption costingmeaning of eximdefinition of capitalisticurbanization of indiacif transportationmeaning of rescission in hindisteps in writing a precisdiseconomies scaledefine quota samplingdumping definition in economicslifting the veil company lawdefinition of a valid contractrapid urbanization definitionwhat are the main features of socialismgrowing consumerismrental agreement clauseshow to calculate inventory turnover dayssebi guidlinestimekeeping in cost accountingobjectives and functions of international monetary fundcalculating inventory turnoverobjective impossibilitycash flow statement wikidifference between nse and bsesuretyship meaninghow to calculate payback period formulamanagement cadre meaningexporter meaningexplain the role of wto